Some short term meltdown expected in the US housing market!
Adding to the confidence to the US economy was the unexpected resale to the third highest level in over a decade. Inventory shortages have been steadily pushing up median prices and in May, and stood at $252,800 in June this year, surpassing last Junes number of $247,600 and was a healthy rise of 5.8% from May 2016 number, which stood at $238,900. This number is a little surprising, given that Reuter was forecasting a decline of 0.5% to an overall estimate of 5.55 million, yet the sales stood at 5.62 million level during May. The main reason ascribed to these healthy numbers is the continuing job market, which has been steadily reducing the unemployment rate, which now stands at a 16 year low. Further, the recent downgrades in mortgage rates are helpful in accelerating home sales. It is estimated that compared to one year ago, when it took 4.7 months to clear inventory, now this number stands at 4.2 months, exhibiting to a certain tightness in the market, which is allowing for the median price to remain robust. However, inventory availability concerns are acute and NAR’s chief economist has remarked, “We have a housing shortage, we may even use the term housing crisis in some markets.”
Total housing inventory grew 2.1% to 1.96 million existing home in May, but this still is 8.4% rate slower than a year ago, when it grew by 2.14 million and marks a continuous 24 consecutive monthly decline. This is obviously reducing unsold inventory to new lows, but at the same time is taking prices to an unsustainable level specifically for the first time buyers. NAR economist Lawrence Yun has added that current aggregate demand in the housing sector is indicative of a higher sales potential of the market, but would-be buyers have to wait. This phenomenon is most pronounced in single-family housing who are experiencing restrictive choices, as prices have continuously escalated. Having said this, single-family home sales have been steadily increasing and in May stood at a 4.98 level, nudging upwards from the April number of 4.93. Compared on a YoY basis the growth was at 2.7%, when it stood at 4.85 million, as the median home price stood at $254,600 in May starkly up by 6% from a year earlier.
Observers link, the shortage in housing, primarily being driven by tight labor market conditions, which is actuating a heightened aggregate demand function, and also investors are holding up sales of properties, which again is restricting supply. The restricted supply function is again bidding up the equilibrium housing prices
Adding to the confidence to the US economy was the unexpected resale to the third highest level in over a decade. Inventory shortages have been steadily pushing up median prices and in May, and stood at $252,800 in June this year, surpassing last Junes number of $247,600 and was a healthy rise of 5.8% from [...]
Hawkishness is the way forward for the US economy!
The FED moves cautiously in slowly bidding up the Federal fund rate for the second time during 2017 bring it to 1% and 1.25%. Federal Open Market Committee cited mixed economic data as the reason for this measured increase. In addition, FED’s now plans to wind down its $4.5 trillion balance sheet, by reducing its holding of government agency debt, Treasury, and mortgage-backed securities. Further, the reinvestment of payments would be actuated after exceeding of the 6 billion dollars per month cap. A cautious statement has emanated from the FED because economic data has not been overly convincing. For example, the 1st quarter GDP was disappointing; inflation targets remain unmet with inflationary pressures rather soft, while payroll gains have been slower than in the recent past. Unarguably the economy is reaching full employment levels, at 4.3% unemployment rate, as this has allowed for a steady increase in household spending; business investment has also remained on a positive trend, posting an expansion. The committee has made a due note of the fact that both the Consumer Price Index (CPI) Personal Consumption Index (PCI) have remained below the target threshold of 2%, posting a reading of 1.5% and 1.9% respectively. While the FED has concurred that the risk to the economy remains balanced, the inflationary target can only be met, at best, in the medium term while GDP growth rate to reach 2.2% in 2017. Long-run estimates of the unemployment rate are 4.6% and FED officials have now lowered their expectation of long-term inflation to 1.7%, which is a morale deflator.
Some review the recent FED move as a “hawkish surprise” because the shrinking of the balance sheet and rising interest rate would lead to a further flattening of the yield curve. The term structure is already on a negative slope, with the difference between the long-term US treasury yields and short-term Treasury yields approaching precarious levels. In addition to the payment proceeds reinvestment over the $6 billion cap, the FED has also assigned a cap on mortgage debt at $4billion, and a commitment has been shown for the runoff program to continue until the size of the balance sheet is brought to a manageable level of $2-$2.5 trillion. So overall with some monetary tightening at the behest of wobbly economic data, and term structures not very convincing, it remains to be seen when the economy takes a hiatus from its recent upward trajectory, as the current trend of rate heightening is set to continue. The dot-plot, which charts an expectation of FOMC of where the federal fund will be called for another increase in 2017, taking the rate to at least 1.4%. In addition, with only 1 dissenting voter, Neel Kashkari of Minnesota, the FED funds futures market is giving a 35% probability of an increase. While this process of normalization is set to continue, with the rate reaching 2.9% by 2019, below the long-run average of 3%, the ramifications could be excruciating, when we consider that GDP growth rate is at par with the pre-recessionary conditions of 2008. It was a quick reversal of growth rate that threw the economy into meltdown and with the term structure acting as an accurate leading indicator; is not the writing surely on the wall even for the average observer. The only question probably remains only of timing!!!!
The FED moves cautiously in slowly bidding up the Federal fund rate for the second time during 2017 bring it to 1% and 1.25%. Federal Open Market Committee cited mixed economic data as the reason for this measured increase. In addition, FED’s now plans to wind down its $4.5 trillion balance sheet, by reducing its [...]
A very strong macroeconomic impetus can lift the Euro!
When compared on a YoY basis the GDP growth posted an increase of 0.6% during Q1 in the Euro Area. In addition, as per Eurostat, the seasonally adjusted retail trade volume showed an appreciation. Compared to April 2017 the adjusted sales index grew by 2.5% in Euro Area. Along with these recorded readings, Eurozone economic growth continued to run at the quickest pace over the last 6 years ending May as per Eurozone PMI Composite Output Index with a very healthy reading of 56.8. The latest output expansion supported by strong incoming business, which is one of the steepest rises in the last six years. PMI’s exhibited optimism on a one-year outlook, a reading that has risen to the highest level ever since the data for this series was first collected during July 2012. This data also shows congruency to the Sentix Economic Index. The situation index recorded the highest upturn since 2008, based primarily on hard macroeconomic indicators, and puts Eurozone progress on a positive bearing, as assessment is not based on “volatile expectations.” This index is the highest since post-crisis level. Unemployment, that has been a plague of the Eurozone, as indicative of high unemployment rate in France and Spain, has witnessed signs of abatement, ever so slightly.
While continuingly improving economic conditions would allow for a move away from current negative interest rate regime, but this scenario appears a distant possibility as per recently chaired Monetary Policy decision-making meeting of ECB held in Tallinn. Here the participants unequivocally decided that the key ECB interest rates would continue to remain at the existent level, well past the horizon of net asset purchases. Thus, as per ECB’s governing council, the current asset purchases program of Euro 60 billion will at least run during the end of December and probably much further down, with inflation, employment rate and the GDP growth rate as the correct gauge for monitoring progress and growth. The principal payment of the maturing securities, under the asset-purchasing program, will continue to be reinvested, and if the economic situation becomes less favorable, then scope in terms of size and duration of the program is extendable.
While the ECB remains highly circumspect of the development of improving macroeconomic indicators, it would be hasty to think that the Euro can make a healthy rebound in the currency markets on its own strength. We can expect a reasonably long period of consolidation to follow, for example, against the US dollar, before cracks in the counterpart economies and prolonged consolidation in the Eurozone, allows the Euro to propel like a springboard. Nevertheless, as the ECB makes its views clear on its expansive monetary policy, a situation helping the Euro can only come about with some sort of normalization in the interest rates. It is only in the long-term horizon, possibly 2017 Q4 or 2018 Q1 when tangible readjustments in the currency markets will allow for a re-equilibration of currencies, but that too in a non-negative interest rate environment.
When compared on a YoY basis the GDP growth posted an increase of 0.6% during Q1 in the Euro Area. In addition, as per Eurostat, the seasonally adjusted retail trade volume showed an appreciation. Compared to April 2017 the adjusted sales index grew by 2.5% in Euro Area. Along with these recorded readings, Eurozone economic [...]
Australian government lack of commitment can be divisive for the market!
In the backdrop of UBS data, market participants have started discounting a drop in the real estate sector as they see a top having had emerged. While the data perpetuates falling prices, it does not see at a rate as fast as the drop in activity; thus disproportional to sales. Retrospectively the housing market has been the mainstay of the economy and has outstripped the rate of growth of the economy by a healthy 6%. Stating the variables that have led to this are mainly state and local planning regulations, allowing for superannuation, foreign investment rules, all have played a fair share in making the market to grow at an impressive rate of 12.9%. From a primary cyclical level, the housing market has been growing for 4 consecutive years, and now an approaching peak has the potential to send shudders. UBS has underscored that demographics are not mitigating the risk in the economy because household debt is reaching a level of unsustainability. This risk of collapse would be severer in impact for the median income holders who normally have all their investment tied up in a single asset rather than high-income owners who have the flexibility to diversify their portfolio. Further, these risks remain heightened on the consequence of an interest rate hike by the RBS, in an effort to normalizing them and moving away from abnormally low rates. This then could position the housing market on a precipice, which would give rise to speculation and lead to market volatility while setting it up for a collapse.
As stated earlier, that a housing downturn will not affect investors equally; there is a political dimension to its performance as well. Housing analysts are of the view that it would be imprudent for market dynamics needlessly influence a market when government regulations have actually played a protectionist role. In an effort to keep the market stable Murray financial inquiry has proposed addressing negative gearing, capital gain tax concessions and borrowing on superannuation funds. Polls have been somewhat divided as 54% of the respondents have favored tax breaks, while 28% have not. Further, acquiring superannuation by first-time borrowers has not won widespread popularity. Analysts feel that the government has also had to bear its fair share of the burden, as analysts have been rather skeptical of the decision by the government to stay silent on such an important matter. For example, they could have easily addressed it and affected affordability via the supply of land, ameliorating infrastructure costs and reducing commercials cost for making transactions. Rather the government has been reticent, slowing reacting to the market needs, as each governmental layer has acted alone trying to address smaller pie of a big problem. They should have rather acted cohesively to be more effective in addressing the market needs. But there is a sense of clarity in government stance, as it is not escalating any expectations on a housing affordability package in the upcoming May 9th budget and this is yet another sign of bearish precedence gaining in the market.
In the backdrop of UBS data, market participants have started discounting a drop in the real estate sector as they see a top having had emerged. While the data perpetuates falling prices, it does not see at a rate as fast as the drop in activity; thus disproportional to sales. Retrospectively the housing market has [...]
While the Trump Administration dally’s the US market shows nerviness!
What will be the role of fiscal spending on new macroeconomic patterns?
FOMC in its last meeting has been ambivalent with regard to economic projections, citing risk associated with “unemployment and inflation as broadly balanced.” However, most saw risk to the GDP forecast and inflation weighted to the upside. An important variable looked at with much anticipation is the spread between the 2 year and 10 year Treasury bond yield and how the commodity market will react in response to the US response to the ensuing Syrian conflict. The differential of the 2 year and 10 year treasury bond yield exhibits consumers expectations on long term inflation rate, bringing about an increase in long term nominal interest rates vis a vis short term interest rates. The spread between the 2-year and 10 year treasury yields has gradually fallen ever since the Trump election in November of last year. This narrowing of yields or a decrease of yield spread gives the notion that investors are becoming very circumspect of the economic climate and are less optimistically inclined towards business conditions.
It would certainly be interesting to note how the FED would react to the possibility if the long end of the curve does not rise, as it would certainly not make any sense for it to keep on raising interest rates if possible economic slowdown would ensue as a result. An inverted yield curve means that long-term bond prices are rising faster than short-term bond prices and is a harbinger of recession. From an Intermarket perspective, some jitters appear on the horizon, as S&P and DOW Industrials have declined from there all time high levels. For example, with a P/E ratio of 25, the S&P is trading much above its historical levels, and possibly is reaching an unsustainability level. Gold has also been exhibiting a sense of upsurge, as it is higher by 13% from its December lows and earlier last week it broke its 200-day moving average. A phenomenon that has not been witnessed since US elections. The FED has not made any bones about reduction of its balance sheet from a whopping $4.5 trillion in portfolio and mortgage notes to $2.5 trillion over the next 5 years. Gary Dorsch of Global Money Trends, does point out that the current bull market is 97 months old much higher than the average from the 54-month average. He recounts that stock market just does not die out of old age, but rather it is a combination of overvalued equities or excessive tightening by the FED disrupting business cycle. From an empirical standpoint he does point to the reality that S&P automotive index is already down by 7.5%, which may not fundamentally mean well for the metal indexes, but it does throw light on the vulnerabilities at the macro-economic scale. Further, the Dollar index has also hit resistance as it continually goes through a consolidation phase. Obviously, which side it picks would be difficult to ascertain with assurance, but the confluence of factors are against dollar dynamics and so are the long-term fundamentals.
For many investors, it may be too late to hitch a ride, because financial trends may have already started to unfold as investors stay blind sighted.
FOMC in its last meeting has been ambivalent with regard to economic projections, citing risk associated with “unemployment and inflation as broadly balanced.” However, most saw risk to the GDP forecast and inflation weighted to the upside. An important variable looked at with much anticipation is the spread between the 2 year and 10 year [...]
The Canadian Central Bank remains circumspect!
The Canadian Central Bank remains circumspect!
Earlier last week with remarks by Trump that USD is too strong, and with rising oil prices appreciated the loonie to a 6 week high @ 75.5 US cents. Both key data releases, of manufacturing and residential, exhibited better than expected activity during the commencement of the year. Manufacturing sales was above expectations as volume rose by 0.1%
With tightening tendency expected from the Federal Reserves in the hike of the federal fund rate, there was an expectation for the Bank of Canada to take a more hawkish approach, given the improved performance of the economy. However, the central bank has been rather cautious and not tempered with the interest rate for now. With the overnight rate left unchanged at 0.5%, the central bank has upgraded its forecast for this year from 2.1% to 2.6%. Accordingly, the bank expects the output gap to reduce during the 1st half of 2018. Even though the macroeconomic numbers are uplifting, the Central Bank is being very circumspect, citing ‘material slack,’ uneven export growth and business investment challenges as not overly convincing. They are also of the view that consumer spending and residential investment are transient improvements and this data would have to become much more consistent in nature to start relying on. Obviously, the cautious approach emanates from the developments from across the border whereby the US trade policy has been crying for protectionism. This could adversely affect Canadian not so consistent productivity numbers. Canadian exports are bound to shudder on the prospects of border adjustment tax targeting Canadian goods. Lobbyist
the border whereby the US trade policy has been crying for protectionism. This could adversely affect Canadian not so consistent productivity numbers. Canadian exports are bound to shudder on the prospects of border adjustment tax targeting Canadian goods. Lobbyist are vying to protect trade relationship under the NAFTA, which Donald Trump would like to address in an aim to protect US jobs.
Obviously, the need of the day would be for Canadian businesses to diversify beyond United States, and see that as an eye opening opportunity in order to avert any long-term issues related to productivity rates, which certainly have not been superlative; which is rather a point of concern. The Bank is also wary of the fact that the Canadian economy has endured false starts in recent years. While it is a forecast that the economy would continue to chug at ~2.5% during the remainder of the year, more and more economic slack would need to be absorbed before the Central bank can think of raising rates as early as 2018 which may also strengthen the loonie in the long run.
Earlier last week with remarks by Trump that USD is too strong, and with rising oil prices appreciated the loonie to a 6 week high @ 75.5 US cents. Both key data releases, of manufacturing and residential, exhibited better than expected activity during the commencement of the year. Manufacturing sales was above expectations as volume rose by [...]
Chinese Business Activity on rebound!
The latest Markit Business Outlook survey has indicated that there is renewed confidence in the economy as sentiments have risen to a 2-year high. The optimism tilts towards the manufacturing sector, as firms forecast a higher output in the year ahead. The upshot of this is that companies are anticipating higher business revenues, which is an increase of 17% from October. This in turn forebodes improved business conditions across China, both in the manufacturing and services sector. This environment obviously sets up the precedent for capital expenditure by Chinese firms, which is expected to climb to +13% in autumn, and the highest level since October 2014. Annabel Fiddes, Economist at HIS Markit has commented, “Projections of stronger growth in the next year coincide with forecasts of strengthening inflationary pressures. Furthermore, both input costs and output charges are expected to increase at the quickest pace in four years. Price rises look set to be stronger at manufacturers, who are particularly vulnerable to price movements for energy and commodities.”
While the above numbers delineate one side of Chinese economy, the warning signal to be borne in mind is that China debt to GDP ratio stands at 250%, of which corporate debt itself is 170% of the GDP, which speaks of a highly leveraged and a debt fueled economy. The country rather than dialing back its credit-fueled growth model, has continued to support credit driven expansion to meet its GDP growth target rate targets. Over the recent past, a lot of credit was injected into the state-owned sector while investment in infrastructure has continued. Critics have cited their concern of this fundamentally unsustainable growth model with its heavy reliance on debt weighted investments funding an export drive which increases default probability. In an effort to reorient the economy to sustainability, Chinese lawmakers are emphasizing a shift towards to technologically driven innovative model which would add more value to the economy. In time, this would also enable China to overcome a middle-income trap that it finds itself trapped. To recalibrate the economy, lawmakers realize the need to emphasize on technologically driven innovation that would allow higher capital gains allowing the common man to raise his disposable income allowing for an overcoming of the a middle-income trap; approaching Western Europe or the United States, where innovation has allowed these economies to make leaps and bound. However, it is to be borne in mind that it is difficult to incubate innovation, in an environment lacking proper institutions supporting growth. It is the really the relative lack of these institutions which is deemed an obstacle for the Chinese growth model and a challenge to be overcome by its government.
The latest Markit Business Outlook survey has indicated that there is renewed confidence in the economy as sentiments have risen to a 2-year high. The optimism tilts towards the manufacturing sector, as firms forecast a higher output in the year ahead. The upshot of this is that companies are anticipating higher business revenues, which is [...]
Eurozones economy shows resiliency!
Business across the Eurozone has exhibited buoyancy as firms are hiring a greater number of people. This is despite the political uncertainties that lie ahead, including the high-stake French presidential election. A review of 5,000 companies has revealed that business activity is growing at the fastest pace in the last 6 years. The PMI corroborates this and further states that both manufacturing and service sector firms have registered new order bookings, while optimism has reached a peak. Pricing pressures reported having intensified to a 6 year high, which is in line with EU central banks strategy to ward off potentially deflationary cycles. The Markit Eurozone PMI rose to 56.7 in March, which is indicative of heightened and expansionary economic activity. This is a month on month increase, averaging 55.7 during the first quarter of 2017 and highest since the first quarter of 2011. The good thing about this data is that it is broad-based, and growth has been recorded in both manufacturing and services sector. For example, services sector accelerated at the highest over the last 5 years, and manufacturing growth output has also remained in the healthy expansionary zone, even though it eased from the February six-year peak. Another important aspect of this data is that the employment data was also heartwarming and showed the largest monthly improvement since July 2007, as firms have targeted to enhance their capacity as downstream demand has recovered. This, in turn, has allowed firms to raise prices, which signals that policies enacted by Mario Draghi, slowly but surely, are paving a correct way.
HIS Markit economist, Chris Williamson remarked that while the mood in France and across much of Europe is optimistic; however, French “elections remain a worry.” There could be tangible actions by the ECB to stem back its historically easy monetary policy, strategized by an asset purchase program and negative interest rate. But they may seek more consistent readings before taking stepping back and could prolong the current program to a latter part of the year while continuously apply a taper. Obviously, it does not need underscoring that the ECB would continue monitoring the underlying inflation, to shape their future decisions. However, if inflation would spike in an unbridled manner, there is a strong possibility for the ECB to act more hurriedly. Lawmakers are speculating potential rate hikes ensuing just after the conclusion of the asset purchase program. This potentially means that there would be arbitrage opportunities on the side of Euro currency, which may shrug off the long-term bearishness implications engulfing it. Surely, this would be a time taking manifestation, but indications lead to that conclusion.
Business across the Eurozone has exhibited buoyancy as firms are hiring a greater number of people. This is despite the political uncertainties that lie ahead, including the high-stake French presidential election. A review of 5,000 companies has revealed that business activity is growing at the fastest pace in the last 6 years. The PMI corroborates [...]
An uptick in the Canadian economy!
Statistics Canada revealed that Canadian wholesale numbers climbed 3.3% to $59.1 billion in January, which is the largest monthly gain since November 2009, and beats the expectation of 0.5%. There was a substantial uptick in auto sector sales, which acts as a de-facto secondary economic indicator. Wholesale sales were up in four of the seven subsectors and grew by a whopping 17.1% to $11.9 billion, which is the highest gain in the last 3 months. Also, retail sales kicked off on a strong note, as January increased by 2.2%, recovering the loss of a month earlier. The impact of the sales was widespread, which helped the bounce back from December. This data is heartwarming because it is in line with the outlook on consumer spending, which would allow for the achievement of a 3% annualized growth target.
Earlier, other economic data was also pleasing, as home sales for February grew by 5.2%, after it had reached record levels in April 2016. Tightening market conditions have raised prices of dwellings and thus the sale of homes have shifted to regions, thought of as more affordable, away from the Vancouver. While the Canadian housing market has shown considerable strength as of late, however, it has remained volatile. Some corroborate the current market conditions as signs that the economy may be starting to turn the corner. Some regions, such as Alberta and Saskatchewan, prices may have bottomed out, and now should rebound during the remainder of the year. With this renewed strength, there is also the possibility for the market bubbles, as the forecast if for the value to rise starkly forecasted higher by 17% YoY in some regions.
Manufacturing sector data remained heartwarming as well, as the momentum, which had gathered during late 2016, has carried over to 2017, which should help the Canadian economy post a reasonably robust Q1 of 2017. In addition, leading indicators, such as new and unfulfilled orders appear to be looking better than they did in the preceding months. Thus, the manufacturing data has beaten the consensus of 0.6% for January reaching a figure of 0.7%. Some analysts would argue, net trade numbers, driven by a depressed loonie, and the US as a robust trading partner, net demand for the industry has proven to be a boon. However, it is difficult to ascertain whether new economic factors, can truly counterbalance the effect of an oil price shock that the Canadian economy has faced. Still, it would be a farce to believe that the economy has structurally moved away from its oil dependence.
While job creation as of late has been boosting household income and this wealth effects has translated into wholesale, retail and household sales numbers and lifted prices, there are some uncertainties to contend with in the future. For example rising future long-term interest rates, raising the cost of borrowing, the housing market is likely to cool down, as the indebted consumers would be forced to rein in their spending. However, this is in the long-term as per expectation consumer spending growth should maintain a healthy trend of 2% for now.
Statistics Canada revealed that Canadian wholesale numbers climbed 3.3% to $59.1 billion in January, which is the largest monthly gain since November 2009, and beats the expectation of 0.5%. There was a substantial uptick in auto sector sales, which acts as a de-facto secondary economic indicator. Wholesale sales were up in four of the seven [...]
Trump’s definitive plans will surely face headwinds!
The House Speaker, Paul Ryan’s, methodology of “border adjustments,” is being termed as complicated by Trump. Amongst his other concern is the notion that the newly elected administration is “going to get adjusted into a bad deal.” While understood, that Ryan’s approach is merely simplistic, as it calls for “tighter financial conditions through a stronger dollar,” but this particular aspect throws light on where the actual divide between the two resides. Ryan’s plan rests on a strong dollar to offset import cost and if extra tariffs were levied, invariably, would be borne by consumers resulting and directly affect the consumption function. Trump wants to promote manufacturing and this broad sector having an export component would function better in a weaker currency environment. The implications could be disastrous for a country, which has not been export-led for generations. For example, in 2015 US services industries accounted for 78% of the US Private sector GDP and 82% of US private sector full time employment and it is troubling for many that Trump led administration would act to derail a path that has been the mainstay of the US economy and deterring domestic consumption. Much of this, once again, could be a politically steered move, as Trump’s support has primarily come from blue-collared communities, as he would want his constituency to perceive him truthful to his word. This may make appeasing this societal class politically correct, but purely on economic terms, it does put the economy on a bearing that could actually lend it becoming rudderless.
The new administration, by signing out of Trans-Pacific Partnership, has also laid the precedent to toughen negotiation talks on trade henceforth. While signing out of the TPP, initiated by Barak Obama, was part of the broader strategy to increase US political clout in Asia, and also keeping a check on China’s economic and military ambitions, is being viewed rather ruefully. Chinese media has been disdainful and has termed Western democracy as having “reached its limits,” at a time Xi Jinping has openly touted Beijing’s commitment to globalization. Earlier Pena Nieto, President of Mexico also showed his stance of moving away from its reliance on US trade while diversifying its commerce avenues with other countries. Further, an ouster from the TPP does open up opportunities for China, which has been pursuing regional trade agreements with 15 other Asian countries. White house economists have stated that a deal between China and Japan could jeopardize as much as $5 billion exports, which would result in a loss of American jobs. Thus, an introspective approach is potentially opening up doors for others to fill in the gap and dictate terms of international trade, which yet again means a shift for the global economy. When AFL-CIO President Richard Trumka states, that these policy moves are just “first in a series of necessary policy changes required to build a fair and just global economy,” it does send reverberations in the global economy. Nevertheless, one thing to Trump credit is, that while he stirs a lot of controversy and executes his plans in a definitive manner, he is not necessarily erring into hasty decisions. For example, he has deployed US top executives to come up with a border tax strategy in the near future, and thus seems to be taking requisite logical steps in seeking viable solutions. Dow Chief CEO stated, “He’s not going to do anything to harm competitiveness. He’s actually going to make us all more competitive. “
Only time can tell, if steering of the economy in a new direction by Donald trump is a correct choice. A shift in confidence can cause the US economy to veer of a steady path which has been the economies mainstay as of late!
Structural Reforms: The House Speaker, Paul Ryan’s, methodology of “border adjustments,” is being termed as complicated by Trump. Amongst his other concern is the notion that the newly elected administration is “going to get adjusted into a bad deal.” While understood, that Ryan’s approach is merely simplistic, as it calls for “tighter financial conditions through [...]